15 two most beautiful castles in Portugal

There are hundreds of Castles in Portugal. The history of the country is so obrigou já that the windy winds of Spain were never always favorable to the Portuguese population was 4 to 5 times smaller. For this same reason, various fortifications were built along the border and as the Portuguese territory increased in the southward direction.

Some two Portuguese castles are in very good condition after several decades in which their recovery was committed. Others, however, continue to be abandoned and some have yet to disappear, there being barely any mention of their existence in the historical archives.

Visit them and discover a little more about the history of the country, here that we are insofar as the effort that was made to build this place to which we call homeland. Meet some of the two most beautiful castles in Portugal.

1. Guimarães Castle

Guimarães Castle

This list could only begin with the castle of Guimarães, because of which it is due, in 1128, to the battle of São Mamede, from which the victor or first Portuguese king, D. Afonso Henriques. Despite today having seven very solid towers, the castle was originally built on the ground and madeira.

In addition to visiting the castle, do not miss visiting the Palace of the Dukes of Bragança and the historic center (which is a Human Heritage Site), not to try the local cuisine.

2. Penedono Castle

most imposing castles in Portugal
penedono

Despite the oldest reference to this castle being from 960, I believe that it must be of earlier construction, since the base of the structure found parallel lines, which are characteristic of Arab constructions.

This castle is associated with the figure of Magriço, whose name is Álvaro Gonçalves Coutinho, who was immortalized by Camões n’Os Lusíadas. The castle is a National Monument since June 16, 1910.

3. Castle of Sabugal

sabugal
sabugal

This region was the scene of bitter disputes between Portugal and Castela, having D. Dinis finally taken his possession in 1296, or that was confirmed in the Treaty of Alcanizes, of 1297.

One of the two most important military events of this castle occurred in April 1811, at the height in which the Anglo-Portuguese troops garrisoned here defeated the French army, which was withdrawing under the command of General Massena.

4. Castle of Silves

Silves Castle
Silves Castle

Este é o maior dos Algarve castles, being located in the highest point of the city of Silves. This structure suffered several setbacks over time, especially due to seismic activity, and was the subject of a reform in the 1940s.

The fortress is of considerable size, with 11 towers. The castle has also been involved in various archaeological works, which will help to understand the history of the city and the two peoples who pass through here.

5. Castle of Valongo

Castle of Valongo Alentejo
Castle of Valongo (Nuno Trindade)

It would be unthinkable for an abandoned castle, in more than private ones, to turn into ruin without anyone doing anything. But this is the same thing that happens in Alentejo, in Castelo Real de Montoito, also called Castle of Valongo.

The castle is located 25 kilometers from Évora, between Montoito and Valongo, and it looks like it will leave us without words, mainly because of the state of degradation in which it is found.

6. Castle of Beja

beja
Castle of Beja

This medieval castle was ordered to be erected by D. Dinis, in the 13th century, on some Roman foundations. The structure has a pentagonal plan and is flanked by six towers, including Torre de Menagem, which is considered one of the most beautiful in our country.

From the top of this tower, which is 42 meters high, you will be able to appreciate a magnificent view over the city and its surroundings. This is one of the two best preserved castles in Alentejo.

7. Castle of Bragança

Castle of Bragança
Castle of Bragança

It is thought that a primitive fortification will have been built in this place by order of D. Afonso Henriques. This fortification will have been improved by D. Sancho I, who gave the Foral to povoação in 1187.

With the crisis of the succession of D. Fernando, the castle of Bragança oscillated between supporting the Portuguese side and the Castilian side, forcing the intervention of D. Nuno Álvares Pereira. During the reign of D. João I, the defenses of the castle were improved and the imposing Torre de Menagem was built.

8. Castle of Montalegre

montalegre
montalegre

It was a castle built late, during the reign of D. Afonso III, in order to reorganize the borders to the east and west of Chaves. Its objective was that the northern border of the Trás-os-Montes region would be endowed with a territorial and legal order, under the power of the king.

But even before the thirteenth century D. Dinis finished deu Charter of Foral to Montalegre, so that these lands be povoassem, which were found deserted at high altitude.

9. Marvao Castle

romantic weekend
marvao

At the highest point of the Serra de São Mamede, in the middle of the natural park, find this imposing castle. The fortress was conquered by D. Dinis aos mouros, in the 13th century, and played a role of relief in the conflicts that would follow, between the Portuguese and the Spanish.

From the top of the mountain, the castle offers a unique view over the territory that surrounds it. If you are going to make a visit, don’t hesitate to visit them too ruins of ammaiatwo of the most important vestiges of the Roman era in Alentejo.

10. Sortelha Castle

historic villages of portugal
sortelha

Sortelha was founded by D. Sancho I, with a population native to the vicinity of Santo Estêvão. At this height, the reconquest has been well advanced for Tejo, but there were various skirmishes to the east between the Portuguese and Leonese.

Likewise, there is a need to define a border to protect. Leão fortifies the village of Sabugal, east of Côa, and Portugal responds with the foundation, I don’t know. XIII, from the military square of Sortelha.

11. Castle of Almourol

Almourol Castle
Almourol Castle

The castle is located on a small island, which was inhabited at the time of Roman occupation, and which was later occupied by Visigoths and Muslims. Almourol was conquered by D. Afonso Henriques during the Christian reconquest, in 1129, who handed it over to the fortification of the Order of the Templars.

A Ordem reconstructed the castle and deu-lhe as its Templar characteristics. According to the existing inscriptions on the main gate, the works ended in 1171.

12. Castle of Santa Maria da Feira

Castle of Santa Maria da Feira
Castle of Santa Maria da Feira

É um dos mas notáveis ​​portuguese monuments, emphasizing a diversity of defensive resources existing between the XI and XVI centuries. In addition to being an important military post, it also has an enormous political and cultural dimension, which proved essential for the victory of the Batalha de São Mamede, in 1128, the height at which the mayor of the castle took over the party of D. Afonso Henriques against D. Teresa.

13. Castle of Arraiolos

Castle of Arraiolos
Arraiolos

It is clear that this castle was built during the reign of D. Dinis, around 1310, the fortification having been donated to D. Nuno Álvares Pereira in 1387, having received the title of Count of Arraiolos.

In the reign of D. João IV, in full Restoration of Independence, the castle was remodeled. However, some decades later it was abandoned, being that the earthquake of 1755 completed the ruin of this fortification.

14. Castle of the Mouros

medieval castles in portugal
Mouros Castle

From the Castelo dos Mouros, you can admire a unique landscape, which stretches unimpeded into the Atlantic Ocean. Of irregular configuration and left over from Serra de Sintra, this fortification was built in the sec. X, after the Muslim conquest of the Peninsula. Foi depois expanded after the Christian reconquest.

15. Castle of Porto de Mós

Port of Mós
Port of Mós

Those who visit this land cannot fail to pass by the famous castle that served as a refuge for the Portuguese, after Batalha de Aljubarrota. It is about the Castle of Porto de Mós with traces of the Gothic and Renaissance style.

The route of the visit is made up of three floors, being that the first one deserves a greater highlight due to its veranda that provides a great panoramic view over the village.