Fez is the third largest city in Morocco after Casablanca and Rabat. One of its greatest attractions are the many mosques it houses. And there is one in practically every neighborhood. We are going to review the most emblematic mosques of Fez, Morocco, of those that you can not miss.
1. Al Karaouine: the most important of Fes, Morocco
Also known as Al Qarawiyyin, it is the most important mosque in Fez. It was built in the year 859 and houses the oldest university in the world, which is still in operation. The main studies of him are religious. It also has a library that preserves more than thirty thousand works. Most have unparalleled value.
On the other hand, the mosque is very different from what it was in the past, as it has undergone various renovations and extensions. As a result, It got the recognition of being the largest temple of its kind in North Africa.
Regarding its architecture, the building is full of arches, wood carvings and mosaics that give it a unique beauty. Those who can access its interior can also walk through its patios or contemplate the paintings it houses. And it is worth remembering that many mosques cannot be visited by non-Muslims.
2. Andalusian Mosque
It is located in the Andalusian neighborhood of Fez, Morocco. The name of this is due to the fact that many Muslim families who lived in Andalusia had to emigrate to the city that concerns us after the “Matanza del Arrabal”, which occurred in Córdoba.
One of the most important places in the neighborhood is precisely the Andalusian Mosque. It was built in the 9th century and today it continues to function as a place of worship. It’s easy to recognize by its tiled doorway, cedarwood canopy and carvings, and white minaret with green ceramic dome.
3. Mausoleum of Moulay Idriss
It is a sacred building dedicated Moulay Idriss, who was king of Morocco and founder of the city of Fez, and who later became the most revered saint in the country. For this reason, many Muslims visit the building, seeking to obtain its blessing.
The mausoleum is part of a larger architectural complex, made up of the Quitún house, the fountain, the wudú house and the Al Asraf mosque. The latter contains the tomb of Idriss II and is also a place of prayer.
4. Er Rsif Mosque
The medina of Fez is a network of alleys in which stalls and stalls, public baths and mosques abound. One of them is precisely that of Er Rsif, which It receives the same name as the central access door to the area.
The Er Rsfi Mosque dates from the second half of the 18th century. Its minaret stands out, decorated with green tiles. The tower is the place from where the call to prayer is made, which is repeated five times a day. To do this, the minaret has a balcony on its highest part that surrounds it.
5. Sidi Ahmed Tijani Mosque
It is a mosque, and at the same time, a mausoleum. And it is that houses the tomb of one of the great saints of the city of Fez: Sidi Ahmed, descendant of the prophet and a native of Algeria. Ahmed consolidated the brotherhood that bears his name: the Tijania, which spread to several African countries. Not only in the Maghreb, but also in Senegal or Nigeria.
Precisely twenty years after the Tijania was created, Sidi Ahmed founded the mosque in the Blida area, so it is very close to the Al Karaouine mosque. It has been reformed several times and Its importance is such that it is the reason why many people make a pilgrimage to this beautiful city every year..
“Travel makes one modest. You see the small place you occupy in the world.”
There are only five beautiful examples of the mosques that you can find in Fez, Morocco. And it is that these temples, together with the madrasahs, are a fundamental part of the spirit and life of this beautiful Maghreb city.