Europe

6 things to see in the Red Square of Moscow, the capital of Russia

The Red Square in Moscow is the most famous in the Russian capital and in the whole country. It has an area of ​​300 meters long and 70 meters wide and is the core of the city, since the most important streets converge there. Not only is it huge and beautiful, it is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1990.

Brief history of Red square of moscu

Red Square – Triff

The current area where the square is located was populated by wooden buildings, until Ivan III of Russia withdrew them to prevent them from burning. And for this reason, the new square served for markets to be established and public ceremonies and proclamations to be held. It became the place where the tsars were crowned.

Its name derives from the Russian word Краснаяwhich means “red”, but which in old Russian meant “pretty”. That is, “beautiful square”. During the time of the Soviet Union the square was used for military parades. Today it is the most visited place by tourists who come to Moscow.

What to see on the Red Square in Moscow

With its 23,100m², the immense surface of the Moscow Square, as well as its importance, mean that there are different historical icons around it. These are the most important places in this spectacular square:

1. Saint Basil’s Cathedral

St. Basil’s Cathedral–Triff

It is the main symbol of the city, despite not being the main cathedral of Moscow (which is the Cathedral of Christ the Savior). Its construction was ordered by Tsar Ivan the Terrible in the 16th century to celebrate the conquest of the Khanate of Kazan.

During the time of communism it was thought to tear it down, so that more war tanks could parade, but Stalin flatly refused to do so. He has also survived fires and Napoleon’s invasion.

The visit lasts about two hours and can be held from June 1 to August 31 from 10 a.m. to 7 p.m., and the rest of the year from 11 a.m. to 6 p.m.

2. The Kremlin

Kremlin–Triff

It is a set of civil and religious buildings located to the west of the Red Square in Moscow. It is made up of four palaces and four cathedrals. It is the place of government of the president of Russia, although long before it was the residence of the tsars.

Within its walls are presidential and government administrative buildings, the Grand Palace, a congress palace, Russia’s main museum (the Armory), and four cathedrals. Except for the government buildings, the rest can be visited.

For example, the Grand Kremlin Palace can be visited upon prior request, but the cost is high. However, some monuments are free to visit.

3. Lenin’s Mausoleum

Lenin’s Mausoleum by Marco Rubino

It is the resting place of Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, known as Lenin.. He was the leader of the Bolsheviks of the Workers’ Party and the main leader of the October Revolution of 1917, one of the most important moments in Russian history.

Being such an important figure for the country, the Soviet government ordered his grave to be erected in the square when he died in 1924. It was made by Alekséi Shchúsev, in granite. It can be visited on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m..

4. State Museum of Russian History

State Museum – Karachev Yuriy

It was built between 1875 and 1881 by Tsar Alexander III. Inside it are kept historical relics that the Romanovs acquired. It is a very large museum, which keeps a collection of millions of objects.

In front of the facade there is a statue of Marshal Zhukov, one of the most outstanding commanders of the Second World War. The museum is open from Monday to Sunday from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m., and on weekends from 10 a.m. to 9 p.m..

5. Kazan Cathedral

Kazan Cathedral – mikolajn

It is a Russian Orthodox church located on the corner of Red Square in Moscow. It was built in 1625, but was rebuilt in 1936 by order of Stalin. Inside is the icon of Our Lady of Kazan, a symbol of the Russian faith.

When the Soviet Union disappeared, it was rebuilt again between 1990 and 1993. The visit is free and the monument is open from 8 in the morning to 8 in the evening. The duration is less than an hour.

6. The GUM Galleries

GUM Galleries – Better Than Bacon / Flickr.com

It is the best-known shopping center in Russia and the most visited by tourists. It is located on a building built in 1890, with a 242-meter-long façade and impressive interiors.

The mall is dedicated to the sale of luxury items, so even if you don’t buy anything, it’s worth a look. Inside there are good places to eat for only 10 euros per person. There are terraces where you can enjoy the views of Moscow’s Red Square. In addition, in the galleries you can try the mythical Russian ice cream.

 

“Tourists don’t know where they’ve been, travelers don’t know where they’re going.”

-Paul Theroux-

These are the recommended places to visit in Moscow’s Red Square. Undoubtedly, hundreds of pages of Russian history are kept around its walls that deserve to be known. Of course, there is more to see in the city, such as the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, the Novodechy Convent, or the Gorky Park. Do not miss it, Moscow is worth it!

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