Europe

7 sights in Moscow

Moscow, the capital of Russia, is a beautiful and immense city. It is the second most populous city in Europe, with around 12 million inhabitants. Important political, scientific, economic and cultural events have taken place in it, both in the country and in the region.

Here are 7 places in Moscow that you must visit if you arrive in the Russian capital.

1. Bolshoi Theater

Its name means “great theater” in Russian.. The first building was inaugurated in 1780.

Bolshoi Theater – Catarina Belova / Shutterstock.com

suffered three fires, the first of them in 1805. Rebuilt in 1808, the building was burned again four years later, as a result of the Napoleonic wars. After the war, the theater was built in the Teatralnaya Square, which is where it is currently located. In 1853 the building was largely damaged by another fire and definitively rebuilt in 1856.

The Bolshoi Theater is an important Russian cultural icon and of great importance worldwide. The value of tickets fluctuates between €130 and €195.

2. Red Square

It was founded in the fifteenth century. Its current name derives from the word “krasnyi”, which in old Russian means “beautiful”.although in modern Russian it is translated as “red”.

Red Square – Zarya Maxim Alexandrovich / Shutterstock.com

During the 20th century, Red Square was an important meeting point for various activitiesfrom demonstrations to military parades or concerts.

Around the Red Square there are important buildings such as Saint Basil’s Cathedral, the State Historical Museum, the GUM shopping center and the Lenin Mausoleum.

3. Kremlin

It is a set of constructions made up of cathedrals, churches and palaces. Its origin dates back to the year 1156, when Prince Yuri Dolgoruki ordered its construction.

At the end of the 15th century, the white stone walls were replaced by the ones we can see today. These walls have 20 brick towers. Its highest tower, the Trinity, allows access to the enclosure.

Kremlin – Valery Shanin / Shutterstock.com

Different types of buildings have been built in the Kremlin over the centuries. The most recent construction is the Palacio de Congresos, erected in 1961.

Access to the Kremlin is made after purchasing a ticket that has a value of approximately €9.

4. Cathedral of Christ the Savior

This huge cathedral belongs to the Russian Orthodox Church. It was built in the 19th century in honor of the Russian victory over Napoleon. Around 40 years were needed for its construction and it was opened for worship in 1883.

San Salvador Cathedral – cesc_assawin / Shutterstock.com

In 1931 it was demolished under the order of Stalin in order to build the Palace of Soviets, but the Second World War caused the works to remain unfinished. In 1994, the cathedral was rebuilt.

The Cathedral of Christ the Savior is located on the banks of the Moskva River and near the Kremlin. The highest part reaches 103 meters and its surface is 6,805 mtwo. On the way to the main hall there are marble panels on which you can see paintings showing Russian military victories.

Access to the cathedral is free and can be done with a guide.

5. Arbat Street

This is one of the oldest streets in the city of Moscow. It is divided into the Old Arbat and the New Arbat. It has a length of approximately one kilometer.

Arbat Street – Xiquinho Silva / Flickr.com

Since the 18th century, Arbat Street has been characterized as the home of aristocrats, writers, artists and poets. Today it is considered one of the most bohemian streets in the town. Street artists, such as portraitists and musicians, are part of this place.

6. Moscow River

It has a length of 502 kilometers. The part of the river that crosses the city from northwest to southeast has a length of 80 kilometers.

You can navigate the Moskva River for much of the yearbut in the winter season it is impossible, since the river freezes.

Moskva River – pedrosala / Shutterstock.com

One of the recommended activities to get to know the city is to take a river cruise. It lasts around 1 hour and 30 minutes and costs approximately €10 per adult and €4 for children.

7. Vorobyovy Hills (Vorobyovy Gory)

Its name means “Hills of the Sparrows”. These hills are located on the right bank of the Moskova River. This is one of the highest points in the city, measuring around 220 meters.

Vorobyoby – Pavel L Photo and Video / Shutterstock.com

Here is the Vorobyovy State Nature Sanctuary, created in order to protect the wild area of ​​the city. There are also some institutes belonging to the Russian Academies of Sciences and the main building of the Moscow State University, among others.

 

“Whoever wants to understand Russia has to see Moscow from the Sparrow Hills.”

-Anton Chekhov-

The Russian capital is a city full of wonderful corners, with a great story and some other mystery. Getting to know it thoroughly can take a long time and a good way to start is by visiting these seven places that we have shown you.

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