If your next destination is Greece, and especially its capital, the visit to the Acropolis of Athens is unavoidable. So that you can enjoy it to the fullest, we want to give you some important information. We tell you what it is, what you will see in it and, of course, some of its history.
What were the acropolises?
The word acropolis refers to the highest part of the old cops greek. The most emblematic buildings were built there, such as temples or squares where the personalities of the city met. The most important acts were also celebrated. comes from the Greek Akros (end, top) and cops (town).
This elevated area acted as the nucleus from which the cities developed and spread. This is how cities as important as Athens or Rome were born.
The most representative of the Greek acropolises
It is the most popular tourist attraction in the country and a magnet for fans of archaeology, mythology or history. If you look at a photograph of the city, you will have appreciated that the acropolis of athens stands like a sentinel. And it is that it is on a peak that reaches 156 meters above sea level.
If we consider Athens the cradle of Western civilization and culture, we can say that the cradle of that cradle is the Acropolis. That is why it is important that you know some basic information before visiting it.
Its origin dates back to more than 2500 years ago
Most of the Acropolis of Athens that we can visit today it was built in the 5th century BC, that is, during the time of Pericles. That is, more than 2500 years ago.
But that is not all. The Acropolis is built on remains from the Mycenaean era (2000 years BC) and archaic (600 years BC). The latter were destroyed during a Persian invasion. As a consequence, the Athenians swore not to rebuild them, but Pericles managed to convince them otherwise.
Thus, the impressive monuments that have stood the test of time and have witnessed thousands of years of history were erected. They belong to what is known as the Golden Age of Athens (480-404 BC), also called the Age of Pericles.
It has been restored several times
It should be added that the current appearance of the Acropolis of Athens is due to a major restoration. This was carried out between the years 1833 and 1863.
Although it has been looted and destroyed several times throughout history, the magic of this imposing place still remains. With the help of imagination you will feel like you have gone back in time until the time of maximum splendor of Ancient Greece.
Visit to the Acropolis of Athens
The sole visit to the Acropolis of Athens justifies the trip to the Greek capital. And it is that here are the best-known monuments and constructions of the classical era of Greece. Let’s find out what they are.
When we think of Greece, the first image that comes to mind is, without a doubt, the Parthenon. Its grandiose structure reflects the extraordinary flourishing of the cityboth cultural and artistic, during the 5th century BC
That yes, it must be said that history has not treated the Parthenon particularly well. Conservation and reconstruction work continues today. However, none of this has managed to overshadow the majesty that the structure that crowns the Acropolis gives off.
They constitute one of the most spectacular doorways of the ancient world. Flanking this monumental entrance is already an experience. The current appearance of the ruins is similar to what it would have been during the construction process, centuries ago.
Another highlight within the visit to the Acropolis of Athens. It is a masterpiece of the Ionic order. It was built to replace the ancient temple of Athena that had been destroyed by the Persians during the Persian Wars.
His name means ‘he who shakes the Earth’, one of Poseidon’s Attic epithets. It is located in the place where Athena and Poseidon disputed the patronage of Athens.
Temple of Athena Nike
In this Ionic order temple, like the previous one, there was a large sculpture of the goddess that gives it its name. It was erected as a symbol of the victory of the Greeks over the Persians at the battle of Salamis.
It is clear that the visiting the Acropolis of Athens is like going back in time. And not to any place, but to one of the most important places for the history of Greece and Europe. We must not forget that the history hidden in the restored monuments of the Acropolis is also our history.