The Turia Garden is the largest urban park in all of Spain. With more than 9 kilometers of route, its creation has its origin in a natural disaster experienced in the city of Valencia in 1957.
Despite the negative of the situation, this resulted in one of the most pleasant places to walk in the Levantine capital. Will you accompany us to walk through it?
The creation of the Turia Garden
As we have already pointed out, the birth of this urban park in the Turia it is the result of a devastating flood that devastated the city of Valencia in 1957. In that year, the course of this river overflowed and flooded the entire historic center of Valencia, which was almost surrounded by this water course.
This river had accompanied the city of Valencia since the beginning of its settlement. In fact, their presence had formed a particularly fruitful territory for human settlement, as it provided water for both humans and animals. It was an essential source of water to make the important orchard of Valencia flourish.
Like all rivers in the Mediterranean basin, it had more or less constant cycles that interspersed periods of drought with others of abundance that could be controlled. Nevertheless, during the 19th and 20th centuries, these periods of abundance began to become increasingly irregular and to present moments in which the river overflowed its banks very quickly, which caused several floods in the city.
Thus, in October 1957, the Great Valencia flood occurred, the worst flood in all of history, which destroyed almost the entire city in 2 floods during consecutive days. This led to the determination to change its natural course to prevent such devastation from happening again in the Valencian capital.
The urban park: a huge engineering project
We can imagine what it must have meant to divert the riverbed to take it out of the city. It is an enormous engineering work, one of the largest carried out in Spain at the time, which involved creating a new channel and diverting the water to this new path to reach its mouth in the Mediterranean Sea.
For this, several projects were studied and it was decided to change the location of the river, which stopped passing through the north of the city to be transferred to the south of it. For this, tons of stone were used, concrete channels were built, state-of-the-art machines were used and a large number of workers were employed.
Likewise, the work also meant the opening of new pathsthe relocation of orchards belonging to various farmers in the area and the demolition of some of the owners’ farmhouses and country houses.
Stroll through the Turia Garden
When the works that changed the natural course of the Turia river were completed, a huge free space was left that the public administrations decided to allocate to an urban park. A) Yes, In 1986, landscapers and urban planners ended up inaugurating another great work of urbanism by creating the largest public park in all of Spain.
On this site, landscaping works were carried out with the design of gardens in which orange trees, palm trees and Mediterranean pines are the protagonists. In other gardens, on the other hand, flowers of different colors create motifs that are linked to the historic bridges that crossed the river at the time.
Finally, other areas were placed in which cultural facilities have been chosen, such as the Bioparc or the City of Arts and Sciences in Valencia. Similarly, the park with areas for picnics and sports and special regions for children such as Gulliver Parkan imposing figure of the giant that represents the moment in which it is tied by ropes and in which numerous slides and attractions have been built for the little ones to enjoy the place.
The Turia Garden, a place to discover yes or yes
Walking through the Turia Garden means crossing under 18 bridges from different periods and stylesincluding the old bridge of the Sea, Serranos, Trinidad and San José, among others.
Through it you can skirt the historic city in a different way and see emblems of Valencia such as the Torres de Serranos, the Museum of Fine Arts or the Valencian Institute of Modern Art. Undoubtedly, a visit that you cannot skip on your next getaway to Valencia.