Bulgaria: history of the oldest country in Europe

Bulgaria is located at the easternmost tip of the European continent. And there historians and archaeologists have found vestiges of ancient populations, some with an antiquity of up to eight millennia. Therefore, Bulgaria is said to be the oldest country in Europe.

And, at the same time, it must also be said that It is one of the most unknown countries of the Old Continent for the tourism. So we are going to try to tell you something about his long past.

Bulgaria: the oldest country

Although very quickly and briefly, we want to review the long history of Bulgaria, but not with the aim of giving you a master class in history. Rather, we are going to take advantage of those events of the past to name you the most interesting places to visit in Bulgaria. This is a country that will not cease to surprise you during your stay.

The prehistory


In fact, we are going to start in your maritime zone. A shores of the Black Sea is the city of Varnaone of the most touristic for the inhabitants of Bulgaria.

As well, On this pleasant coastline, historians locate the remains of the so-called Vinca culture, which takes us to the fifth millennium before Christ. Although, remains of prehistoric settlements with similar antiquity have also been found in other Bulgarian places such as Vinca or Hamangia.

The Ancient Age

Plovdiv Roman Theater

Another key part of Bulgaria’s historical and artistic heritage takes us virtually back to Antiquity. By then, the country was inhabited, especially in its southern part, by the Thracian people. An ethnic group that also lived in areas of neighboring Greece and in the European part of Turkey.


We can see remains of the Thracian culture in the coastal city of Burgas or in places as special as the Kanzalak burial mound.

Nevertheless, those people were first conquered by the great Alexander the Great and later by the Romans. And these would leave wonderful samples of their architecture here.

Especially, mention must be made of the monumental city of Plovdiv. One more example that the Roman Empire, wherever it arrived, was capable of creating practical and beautiful places, from the aqueduct of Segovia to the theater of Plovidv, through the archaeological jewels found in Tunisia, in North Africa.

First Bulgarian Empire

Rila monastery

Over time, Bulgaria achieved its independenceand even from the end of the 7th century it signed peace with the powerful Byzantium, the current Istanbul, and began a period of splendor that would last until the 11th century.

It was precisely at that time that the foundations for the particular Bulgarian Orthodox Christianity were laid. This would inspire the subsequent construction of the great monasteries such as Rila.

Second Bulgarian Empire

Veliko Tarnovo

That phase of expansion ended with the conquest of the territory by the Byzantine Empire. But, over time, they were getting rid of that yoke, until at the end of the 12th century the foundations of the so-called Second Bulgarian Empire were laid.

It was then that the capital was established in the city of Veliko Tarnovo, one of the essential appointments on any trip to Bulgaria. They were years in which the Bulgarian monarchs had very large territories in southern Europe.

But again, that ended with another invasion from Istanbul, in the fourteenth century, already the capital of the Ottoman Empire. And that domain was going to last for five centuries.

From independence to today

There had to be a war between Russia and Turkey at the end of the 19th century, for Bulgaria to be independent. More or less, since it came to be in the orbit of Russia, first of the Tsars and then of the Soviets.

And so until the fall of the Iron Curtain, which has given rise to a new renaissance in Bulgaria. A nation that has already become a democratic republic of the EU and wishes that we all discover the long history and beautiful monuments of what is considered the oldest country in Europe.

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