Casa Batlló was named in honor of its owner Josep Batlló. The structure of this building dates back to 1875, an original work by Emili Sala i CortesGaudí’s teacher at the Higher Technical School of Architecture in Barcelona.
Gaudí captured all his naturalist artistic essence in his work without neglecting its functionality, as is characteristic of his impeccable work. For which the house has in its 4300 m² of lighting and ventilation. This is why it has a large patio in the center where the service rooms are located, while the living rooms and bedrooms are located towards the façade.
The architectural genius was chosen by Josep Batlló to tear down the building and build a new one, but on his own initiative he proposed to preserve and remodel it, achieving the ingenious and artistic work that it is today.
Gaudí was an architect with a clear sense of geometry and volume, as well as a great creative capacity that helped him project his works before making a plan.
This artist had a lot of intuition: he conceived his works as the result of the sum of functionality and aesthetics. He integrated into his architecture works of an artisanal nature such as carpentry, glasswork, ceramics and iron forging. Tasks that he could even perform himself.
He also created new techniques such as trencadís which consists of treating materials from waste ceramic pieces, such as those left over from the previous building.
His personal style is very defined: based on the observation of nature and the use of geometry.
Gaudí’s architecture always sought new structural solutions through the synthesis of all the arts and crafts, thus defining an organic style without losing the experience provided by previous styles, which resulted in tradition and innovation. His work is marked by his four great passions in life, which are architecture, religion, love for Catalonia and of course nature.
The facade and the sea
The facade of Casa Batlló was built with sandstone and carved in a warped shape. Its columns simulate bone shapes with vegetable representations. All its carpentry has curved surfaces and the windows are colored circular glass.
The balconies were kept rectangular as they were originally, but Gaudí added iron railings in the form of a mask that gives it a theatrical appearance and generally gave the entire facade an undulating shape using plaster and pieces of glass. This to achieve the wavy effect of the mediterranean sea waves.
The upper part of the façade alludes to the back of a dragon with scales made with colored ceramic pieces and a needle tower that alludes to the spear of Saint George killing the beast.
The interior and the cave
Its interior is decorated with white and blue ceramics reminiscent of an underwater cave.
For the interior design, Gaudí combined different industrial arts such as sculpture, glasswork, forging, ceramics and cabinetmaking. With which he managed to give the work an aesthetic and harmonic aspect in which curves predominated.
An entire floor of Casa Batlló was used as the residence of the Batlló family. Its furniture was also designed by the same architect and so were the decorative elements.
It all starts when you go up a spiral staircase. For Gaudi, the roofs of the buildings had to transmit personality, that’s why he took care of every detail of them; somehow, he compared it to hats, those accessories that reflect part of a person’s character.
On the terrace of Casa Batlló, the chimneys with helical shapes covered in transparent glass and filled with sand of different colors stand out.
Casa Batlló today
It is open to the public after the Bernat family became its current owners.
Casa Batlló offers its space for events and cultural visits, it is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a representative icon of Barcelona, which means an obligatory stop for tourists from all over the world.