Yes, it is the oldest on record. It is believed to have originated in ancient Egypt, Sumer or Mesopotamia under the empire Persian (currently Iran, Iraq and Syria). The current form of backgammon It was invented in Persia by Buzurgmihr.
As recorded on the Gammon Village page, between 1922 and 1934 archaeologist Leonard Woolley discovered in Sumerian tombs that mention was made of a game board that is believed to be the oldest backgammon game.
in king’s time Alfonso X of Castile was known by the name of board game.
The name of Backgammon as it is known today comes from the 17th century English words “back” (back) and “gamen” (game), which alluded to the fact that the chips could return to the game board.
Each player has fifteen pieces (chips) which he moves between twenty-four triangles (dots) according to the roll of two dice. The object of the game is to be the first to finish, that is, to move all fifteen tiles off the board.
If you want to know more about this game Visit: es.wikipedia.org