To the south of the province of Ciudad Real, just over 30 kilometers from the capital, we find a small municipality of less than 1000 inhabitants. Despite this, Granátula de Calatrava surprises us with its impressive archaeological sites. You will be surprised to know the findings that have been made in them.
So that the visitor is informed of everything that this small town offers us. You can go to the website of the Granatula City Council, which offers detailed schedules of the most important places to visit, among other valuable information.
Archaeological sites of Granátula de Calatrava
Beyond all its charm and color, this small town is distinguished by its deposits. Important findings have been recorded in them, which we will detail below.
The site of La Encantada
One of the most impressive archaeological sites is the Cerro de la Encantada, also known as Los Castillejos.. To access this Bronze Age settlement, we will have to go along the regional road that connects Almagro with Calzada de Calatrava.
The visitor will be able to contemplate these important archaeological remains that are three kilometers north of Granátula de Calatrava. It is a site with spectacular views, as it is located about 800 meters above sea level.
This place, as in the case of the Oreto and Zuqueca deposit, stands out for being a natural communication channel, located between Western Andalusia, Eastern Andalusia and the Levante area.
Excavations have been carried out at this important Granátula de Calatrava site between the 1970s and 1990s. The importance of visual control of the entire territory is highlighted here, due to the height at which it is located. In the site, the visitor can see three different areas:
- The remains of its fortification, which indicate the interest of its builders to protect the town. These defensive buildings still reveal part of their wall, towers and storage structures.
- ritual buildings associated with different types of graves.
- Remains of dwellings of two types. They had cabins with their base built in the rock or houses that were built between the different sections of the wall, with the lower part made of masonry.
The Oreto and Zuqueca deposit
This archaeological site, also located in Granátula de Calatrava, It has a wide chronology that ranges from pre-Roman times to the Middle Ages.
Among the pre-Roman peoples, the Asturians and the Cantabrians are known in the north of the Iberian Peninsula, the Lusitanians and the Vetones in the west, and the Turdetans in the south. On the other hand, the Oretanos have little fame, despite being located in a transit area.
From this site the part of the Visigothic necropolis stands outthe Paelo-Christian baptistery and the Islamic baths, which seem to be the oldest in the Iberian Peninsula.
Other things to see in Granátula de Calatrava
Regarding archaeological remains, The town also offers the visitor the remains of a Roman bridge. Said bridge is today under the waters of the Jabalón reservoir; when the level of the swamp drops, its remains can be seen.
On the other hand, with regard to religious buildings, Granátula de Calatrava offers the possibility of contemplating the Sanctuary of the Virgin of Oreto and Zuqueca, which is a Romanesque hermitage from the 13th century. There is also the Church of Santa Ana, of which the image of the Virgin stands out —also from the 13th century— and the tower and the coffered ceiling of the choir, from the 16th century.
Travelers can also see other non-religious buildings in this town, such as the Palacio de los Torrubia from the s. XVIII, which was declared a Site of Cultural Interest, as was the Sanctuary of the Virgin.
The palace is a typical three-storey Manchegan mansion with a courtyard with columns. Next to the Palacio de los Torrubia, we can see a Mudéjar House that is dated in the s. XV.
All the big cities, or the small ones that had a certain power and prestige during the Modern Age, had some common buildings, symbols of their prosperity. In this small town of Granatula de Calatrava they have several of these constructionssuch as the House of the Inquisition, the Tercias, the Posada or the Pósito.
Last stop in this captivating town
The visitor can complete his tour of the town and the surroundings approaching to visit the House Museum of General Espartero. From the town hall they have organized a guided tour that begins at the Oreto and Zuqueca site.
After this visit, they accompany the tourists to the House Museum of General Espartero. There, it is possible approach one of the most important characters in the history of Spain in the s. 19th.
In short, Granátula de Calatrava is a small municipality of Ciudad Real located at a crossroads that has many charms to explore. We just have to get closer to discover them to notice the wonderful story behind it.