Joan Miró was a Catalan artist who left a deep mark and impressed the art world with his ability to innovate and his talent. He was not only a painter, he also made sculptures, tapestries, ceramics and engravings of great quality. In fact, most of his works decorate very important buildings around the world.
Miró’s work: under a wide range of influences
Notably Miró’s work changed significantly over the years. On the one hand, the paintings he painted before 1920 are characterized by a wide range of influences. Miró used the bright colors of the Fauves, the shapes of Cubism, etc.
Later, when he moved to Paris and met Picasso, his style began to mature under the influence of surrealist artists. Thus, many of his works are conceived as visual transpositions of the surrealist poetry of the time. They became more ethereal and the forms were reduced to points, lines and colors.
There are examples that allow us to observe and better understand the change in style that the artist’s work underwent.
1921: the farmhouse
the farmhouse It is one of the author’s most outstanding pictorial works, with a very detailed style. Miró began to paint this painting in one of his rooms in his family’s farmhouse, in Mont Roig. A) Yes, this painting represents the memories of his childhood. On the farmhousethe painter said that “I sought to summarize the world around me…”.
1927: the blue star
This abstract painting is one of Miró’s most famous. In fact, it is the most expensive of all those auctioned to date (23 million pounds). Miró himself assured that this painting was a turning point in his career towards more minimalist styles.. A) Yes, the blue star served as a transition between figurative and abstract art.
1937: The still life of the old shoe
The Old shoe still life It is within the figurative style. In fact, it is one of the most important and emblematic figurative paintings by Joan Miró, since captures the painter’s vision before the Civil War.
It does not represent a specific moment, but rather the suffering and tragedy of war. The colors convey an impressive chromatic aggressiveness that did not appear again in any other painting by Miró. Years later, Miró himself described the work as follows:
“There were tragic symbols of the time, without me knowing it; the tragedy of a miserable piece of bread and an old shoe, an apple pierced by a cruel knife and a bottle, like a house on fire”.
From figurative to abstract art: an ever-changing style
As can be seen, if we compare the farmhouse either The still life of the old shoe with the blue starMiró’s paintings have undergone a transformation of styles throughout his career. The Catalan painter touched on a multitude of styles and chromatic varieties, making his work one of the most varied.
However, what he always maintained was one of the essential characteristics of his works. And it is that Miró always looked for symbolism to represent the meaning of everyday items and topics.
Other works by the author: ceramic murals and sculptures
1957-1959: Murals of the Sun and the Moon
Many of the Catalan painter’s creations have had great significance. Not only the paintings of him, but the ceramic sculptures of him. Between them, the enormous ceramic murals stand out the wall of the moon Y The Wall of the Sun for the UNESCO building in Paris. This work is one of the best known internationally.
1983: woman and bird
This sculpture was inaugurated the same year that Joan Miró died. It is one of the famous of the artist and is in the place where he was born, Barcelona, in the middle of the park that has his name. So, if you are in Barcelona and you want to admire the art of Joan Miró, this is a good place.
There is no doubt that we are facing one of the most important Spanish artists. We encourage you to continue researching the work of Joan Miró, since it was incredibly prolific and this has been a brief introduction. If you are in Barcelona, you can visit the foundation that bears his name.