Kolomenskoye is a unique place, a large royal estate that was the summer residence of the Tsars of Russia. Located in a natural area of exceptional beauty, it is perfect to disconnect and experience a day admiring traditional Russian architecture. Today we are going to tour this incredible open-air museum. Will you join us?
Kolomenskoyea unique and incredible place
Kolomenskoye Park is located in the south of Moscow, high on the banks of the Moskva River. It is one of the oldest inhabited places in the modern area of the Russian capital. Historically, it is also a very important place because it was the place where the unique things of the Russian people were kept, created and collected.
Its first mention is made in 1339 in the will of the Grand Prince of Moscow, Ivan Danilovich Kalita, as the official residence of the princes and tsars of Russia. Later, between the XVI-XVII centuries, attending to the wishes of the tsars on duty, a fantastic architectural ensemble. a set that today has a great artistic and historical value.
In Kolomenskoye you can find wooden churches, towers, rooms and palaces depicting important Russian buildings. This museum of traditional wooden architecture is a unique part of the Moscow United Museum-Reserve.
These exceptional monuments of constructive wooden architecture, they give an idea of what ancient Russian cities were like, with its fortifications and wooden monasteries.
What to see in Kolomenskoe
1. Savior Gate
Entering from the north, the first thing you come across is the small Museum of Wooden Architecture and an Ethnographic Center. Next is the Puerta del Salvador, which it was the rear entrance to the royal courtyard. Its name is taken from a small symbol found on one of its arches.
“Architecture is a visual art and the buildings speak for themselves.”
2. Church of Our Lady of Kazan
This beautiful Orthodox church is located a few meters from the Puerta del Salvador. It was built in the mid-17th century and features blue domes with gold stars. It is of great historical importance, as it was the private chapel of the palace of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich.
Its main altar is dedicated to the patron saint of Russia, Our Lady of Kazan, which is also the symbol of victory and freedom in the country. The altars on its sides are dedicated to Saint Abercio of Hierapolis and Saint Demetrius of Thessaloniki.
3. Front Door
The next stop is the Front Gate, built between 1672 and 1673. It was the main gate of the Tsar’s quarters. At the moment It gives access to a large green space whose protagonist is the Church of the Ascension.
It is made up of the Clock Tower, the Chancellery and the Colonel’s Chamber. This area was very important because the Chancellery was the place where the volost was administered, the rural area of Kolomenskoye. Meanwhile, in the Colonel’s Chamber were the officers of the Tsar’s guard.
4. Church of the Ascension
When you cross the Front Door, the Church of the Ascension, also known as the White Column, appears in front of you. It is the oldest building in Kolomenskoye, dating back to 1532. It was built to commemorate the birth of the future Tsar Ivan the Terrible.
This masterpiece of Russian architecture has a style far removed from the classic Byzantine models, which meant a break with the country’s architectural tradition. It was ordered by the great Moscow prince Vasily III and built by the Italian architect Pietro Annibale.
It has a cross-shaped base with an octagonal body and an octagonal tower that continues in the shape of a tent and ends in a small dome. Next to the church there are two towers: the Bell Tower and the Water Tower. This church is a World Heritage Site since 1994.
5. The Palace Pavilion
The Palace Pavilion is located very close to the Church of the Ascension, where the palaces of Catherine II and Alexander I once stood, of which no trace remains. It was built in 1825 in a neoclassical style and features a lion on each side of the front door. It was a project of the architect from Tyurin and was part of the complex of the summer palace of Emperor Alexander I.