Road Trip

Mata da Margaraça: assim was a Portuguese forest I know XIII

Considered by many to be one of the two most beautiful locations in Portugal, A Mata da Margaraça stands out for the activities it provides to the whole family, such as walks suitable for youngsters and seniors. Communing with nature in this place is comforting and relaxing, with the possibility of unwrapping trilhos in a very well-ordered space and taking advantage of the sounds that nature offers.

It is classified as a Natural Reserve and Biogenetic Reserve by the Council of Europe, or that contributed to Mata da Margaraça being one of the best preserved places of primitive forest existing in our country, which in this case serves as a cover for deeply marked areas by the presence of a metamorphic rock of great identity in this area of ​​the country, or xisto.

We must not let this opportunity pass without reinforcing the importance of this area being classified as a biogenetic reserve. Indeed, this concept is seen as the fact of being a protected area with levels of biological organization, which ranges from species to ecosystems, passing through populations and communities with unique characteristics. This fact justifies, by itself, the importance of this forest.

Mata da Margaraça

Agricultural activity is also present in this area, being possible to observe a horizontal rodízio mill next to the riverbank, as well as an old dam and water levy. However, it is not clearly the current activity, being the opposite possibility of verifying or abandoning two lands, with the forest to naturally recover its identity.

São já very old records with references to Mata da Margaraça, which is fully documented from the second metade do séc. XIII. Daqui knows-I know that saiu, for example, madeira for the altarpiece of the Igreja da Sé Nova in Coimbra and for the construction of an old bridge over the Mondego also in Coimbra. Not that it refers to the Portuguese cultural heritage, it was also the Mata da Margaraça that came from Madeira for the construction of the Santo António Convent in Vila Cova de Alva.

It has been attributed to monarchical entities and even with religious ties for two centuries, it was hardly known. XIX that happened to be included in the list of “bens nacionais”. However, at the end of the same century it was acquired by private individuals, entering the State Posse in 1985.

Taking up reference to the species that can be found here, we must salient-the carvalhos, castanheiros, azevinhos, ulmeiros, nogueiras and cerejeiras, who give a placid bucolic charm to walks made in this place. These incursions also deserve to be highlighted for the possibility of a careful visit to the small museological nucleus of the Casa da Eira, a true charm.

Mata da Margaraça
Mata da Margaraça

We are therefore in two locations that are currently considered one of the most notable deciduous forests in Portugal, which develops on a coastline between 600 and 850 meters of altitude, with rare treasures of great natural and heritage value. Desse we can highlight several, among which are several species of orchids, some of them quite rare, which are sheltered by this bush.

It is worth researching a little more about these plants, which are one of the most equipped species in the whole world to give beauty to natural spaces. In nature, orchids can develop associated with trees, but this does not mean a relationship of parasitism, but rather a way of obtaining light. They are designated by epiphytic plants, or seja, we use other trees just as support and not to obtain nutrients.

The natural heritage here has a charm, de facto extraordinary, since Mata da Margaraça is inserted into a mountain range that appears in its natural state and is very well preserved. The jungle state where it is possible to identify some species and this example, making it clear that we are facing a little explored situation, which we keep for us to smell daquilo rarities that are difficult to observe, but, at the same time, dazzling by the peace and calm that it transmits .

Mata da Margaraça
Mata da Margaraça

Truly, it should be noted that there are many attractions in this area, being able to highlight, for example, the river beach of Côja and Fraga da Pena. Locais, which by itself, deserve a personalized and purposeful visit.

Na Mata da Margaraça can be entered for free, since there are 5 pedestrian paths inside, which make it possible to know in detail all this protected area. A regulatory entity, or Instituto de Conservação da Natureza e das Florestas, has a paid service available for guided tours.

Record-I know that visiting is interesting throughout the year, but in Spring and Autumn you will find a splendor of color truly worth recording. In the sequence that we referred to earlier, it is worth a reference to an unparalleled place that is umbilically linked to Mata da Margaraça: Fraga da Pena.

Fraga da Pena: the great attraction of Mata da Margaraça

For lovers of paths and trails in nature, we suggest a walk that goes from Fraga da Pena to Pardieiros. It is an extension of 2.5 km, where you will appreciate the nature of Serra do Açor e, in particular da Mata da Margaraça. The Fraga da Pena waterfall is located a few kilometers from the Margaraça forest, being one of the most beautiful in Portugal. In addition to the succession of water falls, you will find a natural pool where the water is clear, crystal clear, but also frozen, hair that you swim in only in the summer. And, same assim, with the certainty that the temperature will be very close to cold seasons!

Fraga da Pena
Fraga da Pena

The scene is suitable for a postcard, and is perfectly matched with nature, more fica or advice so that you can go wild with comfortable clothes, the desire to photograph and the conviction that you will find one of the two most paradisiacal places in Portugal. In the idea of ​​a day that is past, you can all be here, because the local invites you to spread the towel and take advantage of it for a picnic. Se for com tempo, we leave it to suggestion to take advantage of the true gastronomic beauties that exist in the rounds. Cabrito, Chanfana and Broas de batata are just a few options.

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