Road Trip

Palácio Fronteira: probably, or the most beautiful palace in Lisbon

The Palácio de Fronteira is not at all unknown, but it is probably one of the two most beautiful palaces in Lisbon. It is present in numerous tourist guides, or that explains how many foreigners are going to visit. Unfortunately, the visits made by the Portuguese are less perceived – the Fundação das Casas de Fronteira e Alorna chegou to make visits only for Portuguese citizens, but these will end due to lack of public.

Same assim, or palace, located in São Domingos de Benfica and as Monsanto Forest Park Right next to it, it remains affronted by the bustle of the city and deserves a visit because of its rich history and heritage.

It was built in the 17th century, being idealized as a fair house, a hunting pavilion for D. João de Mascarenhas, 2nd Count da Torre and 1st Marquis of Fronteira (a title that had been attributed to him in 1670 by D. Pedro II, who was regent). At the time, São Domingos de Benfica was a countryside, being between the two suburbs of Lisbon – or the Palace, approximately three hours from Cavalo do Chiado, where it was the official residence of the family.

Frontier Palace

The earthquake and tsunami of 1755 reduced the family’s house, not Chiado, to rubble, but Benfica did not have great damage. Por isso, a família mudou-se para lá. Nessa height, or palace undergoes considerable alterations, adding a new wing, to accommodate the whole family, dating the railings to gain space, and moving on to work on the white roofs in stucco.

The tiles of the Fronteira Palace

The great highlight of the palace goes to tile. In Sala das Batalhas you can find eight episodes of the restoration wars, in which João de Mascarenhas distinguished himself. Logo to follow, in Sala dos Painéis, you can find a set of Dutch tiles from sec. XVII, and two more intimate rooms, where there is a sewing table offered by Marie Antoinette to the 4th Marquise of Alorna (D. Leonor, poetess and two more familiar members of the family, who crosses the noble houses of Fronteira, Alorna and Távora ).

The tiles also dominate the exterior of the house, whether it is not a terrace or a monumental tank. The paintings of the terraço represent the seven liberal arts, accompanied by Greek statues and a set of small satirical paintings, with cats and humanized macaques.

Frontier Palace
Frontier Palace

Assim, or Palácio Fronteira occupies a unique space in the Portuguese tile factory of Séc. XVII. There are only two major sets of tiles in civil architecture in its time, as it is practically the only one in which the tiles are found in the original place, designated as free.

We highlight the Dutch tiles from Sala dos Painéis, the first known to have been exported from Holland, and which are attributed to Adriaen van Oort and his son Jan van Oort; the tiles of the Sala das Batalhas, where some battles of the Restauração wars (1640-1668) are narrated; the tiles of the Tanque dos Cavaleiros, of Velasquiana inspiration and more erudite design; The relieved tiles of the Galeria dos Reis, of unknown origin, are possibly Spanish; or polychrome panel of macacarias, in the banks that surround the Tanque dos Ss; eo set of terraço tiles.

It is from this same terraço that is accessed à capela, with construction prior to the building itself. Here, decorated with hats. Pray to legend that the 1st Marquis of Fronteira invites D. Pedro to the inauguration of the palace and that, after the banquet, or the Marquis sends everything to the loiça that was used. This loiça teria depois been used to decorate the walls with pieces of porcelain, for além das pedras and shells.

Frontier Palace
Frontier Palace

It is also from the terrace that can also access the so-called hilltop garden, embora or more monumental garden, and that is the brand image of the palace, seja or formal garden. Feito à margem two Italian gardens from the previous century, this garden, feito no séc. XVII, it is made up of a huge set of boxwood beds, dominated from the south by a 48 by 18 meter lake.

Tilted by stairways, or a garden surmounted by a gallery with sculptures with busts of Portuguese kings. This garden was considered one of the two best 250, gathered in the book The Gardener’s Garden, jumping to the top 10 of the Condé Nast Traveler magazine edition – this being an explanation for the high number of foreign visitors.

Is it possible to visit the Palácio Fronteira?

The palace has the dual status of a family residence and a national monument (it was classified as such in 1982). The Mascarenhas family still lives, in the unvisited wing that was added in the 18th century to the original building. Furthermore, a part open to the public during the manhãs (which is also used for cultural events) is also dated, for use by two residents.

The Fronteira Palace opened its doors to the public by the action of Fernando Mascarenhas, 12th Marquis of Fronteira (and more noble titles), who died in 2014. used as a palace as a stage for clandestine meetings, chegando to be called à headquarters da PIDE.

Frontier Palace
Frontier Palace

At the end of the 1980s, he created the Fundação das Casas de Fronteira e Alorna, which currently manages the palace, opening or space for cultural, scientific and educational events. It was the pleasure of the marquês hair bridge that we will arise the turners that are held monthly in the palace.

Want the interior rooms want the exterior spaces can be accommodated for private events. As for visits, the entrance costs nine euros and access to the garden costs three.

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