The pyramid of Cheops is the only one of the seven wonders of the ancient world that is still standing. Built by order of Pharaoh Cheops around the middle of the 3rd century BC. C., awaits you in Egypt to discover its secrets. Do you want to know more about her?
The construction of the pyramid of Cheops
The construction of this pyramid was one of the largest architectural undertakings in the world and in human history. It is located about 20 kilometers from Cairo, in the city of Giza and on the left bank of the Nile River. Its presence is impressive, as are the pyramids of Khafre and Micerinos, located next to it, and the great sphinx.
It is also known as the Great Pyramid, because With its 53,000 m² of surface it is the largest of the pyramids that exist in Egypt. Originally it was about 146 meters high, but the erosion caused by the passing of the centuries has caused this pyramid to lose approximately nine meters in height. Until the Eiffel Tower was built in Paris in 1889, it was the tallest building in the world.
Its architect was Hemiunu, an architect who had some kind of family relationship with the pharaoh, perhaps being his cousin. It was intended to house the mortal remains of Pharaoh Khufu or Cheops, as he was baptized by the Greeks.
Khufu was the second pharaoh of the fourth dynasty of Ancient Egypt.. We are talking about a luxury-loving pharaoh who wanted to go down in history because of the grandeur of his tomb and his empire. To complete it, the work of thousands of people was needed, many of them slaves, although there are those who say that even aliens participated.
Its construction took place between 2550 and 2570 BC. c. It is a stepped pyramid covered with white polished granite slabs that made it shine in the desert sand. Of these, unfortunately, there are very few left today.
This building already in antiquity impressed all kinds of travelers, including Herodotus. And something very unique about her is that It is oriented to the four cardinal points. In addition, it serves as a seasonal clock, since its shadow marks the beginning of the spring and autumn equinoxes and the winter and summer solstices.
Chambers and treasures inside
Its interior is a labyrinthine network of rooms, chambers and passageways that had to be sealed hermetically after the burial of the pharaoh’s body. An interior that was quickly desecrated and can now be visited.
of all the rooms the so-called King’s chamber stands out, it is the main and the most symbolic. Although there are also two other chambers called the Queen’s Chamber and the Underground Chamber.
The King’s chamber was intended to house the sarcophagus with the mummified body of Khufu. It is a rectangular chamber closed by huge granite blocks weighing about 400 tons. In the center of the room there is a red sarcophagus that must have contained others made of polychrome wood and precious metals.
in said chamber there is a small hole through which you can see the Circumpolar stars. This would ensure the passage to eternity of the pharaoh and all the entourage buried with him. In 2017 a group of researchers discovered the existence of another camera and who knows how many more nooks and crannies it keeps inside.
Another of the spaces that most amazes is the so-called Great Gallery. It is an impressive corridor of about 47 meters long by eight wide that served as communication between several of the cameras.
Other buildings associated with the pyramid of Cheops
The pyramid of Cheops was inserted in a whole complex of buildings and elements of which little has been preserved. Among them, those known as pyramids of the queens, which are three, as well as several temples and cemeteries.
What was found was a funerary boat buried in a large ditch about 15 meters from the pyramid. This boat that could have been the one that transported the mummified corpse of the pharaoh from Memphis to the pyramid on the Nile River, as it has evidence of having been in water, which represents the cycle of life and death in Egyptian mythology.