Raphael Sanzio, better known as simply Raphael, was an Italian Renaissance painter and architect.. In his work, we can highlight his important contributions to architecture. His style would be tirelessly imitated for years. In addition, he was interested in the study and conservation of vestiges of Greek and Roman origin.
the figure of Raphael Sanzio
Due to his balanced classicism, based on the perfection of light, the prevailing harmony of his compositions or the mastery of perspective, many experts consider his work one of the most important within the aesthetic ideals of the Renaissance, along with those of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo Buonarrotti, .
In addition to all this, Raphael was also a great poet. Many believe that the sensitivity with which he approached subjects both in his paintings and in his writings was part of the legacy of his father, a painter to the Montefeltro court in Urbino.
His technical and intellectual gifts were able to fully develop thanks to the fact that moved in the highest spheres of Urbino, Florence and Romeand also thanks to his incredible people skills.
He died at the age of 37 for reasons that are not entirely clear today. What is certain is that with his premature death, history lost great works of art.
His most important works and where to see them
As we said, the works of Rafael Sanzio are among the most significant in the history of art. Virtually everyone knows the school of athens either The Transfiguration. Next, We make a small tour of his work and where to admire it.
the school of athens
We could not begin our synthesis of the most important works of Raphael with another that was not the famous School of Athens. Showcases the most important philosophers, scientists and mathematicians of the classical era. In it we can see Plato, Socrates, Aristotle, Pythagoras, Heraclitus or Hypatia of Alexandria, among others.
The fresco was part of a commission to decorate the rooms of the Apostolic Palace in Vatican City. Today, the “Raphael rooms” are part of the Vatican Museums.
As a curiosity, we can point out that in the fresco we can also see the painter Michelangelo. This figure was added by Raphael after seeing Raphael’s work on the vault of the Sistine Chapel. As a sign of respect, he drew him. Also, avoid a large vacuum in that area of the fresco.
But we also meet Raphael himself. It is located to the right of the fresco, depicted as a young man with brown hair watching another man play.
The second of Rafael Sanzio’s works that we are going to focus on is The Transfiguration. It is considered the last work of the artist. In fact, he left it unfinished when he died and it is believed that it was completed by one of his disciples, Giulo Romano. This work is a summary of the artistic evolution of Raphael.
The painting, which tells a story belonging to the Gospel of Saint Matthew, consists of two well-differentiated parts. The upper part shows the transfiguration of Jesus Christ on Mount Tabor. Christ stands between the prophets Moses and Elijah.
On the ground are, frightened, the disciples Pedro, Santiago and Juan. In the lower part you can see the apostles trying to free a child. This could be possessed or having an epileptic seizure. They were unable to cure the boy, until Jesus arrives and performs the miracle.
Currently, this work can be admired in the Vatican Pinacoteca, within the Vatican Museums.
Beyond the Vatican you can also admire works by Raphael Sanzio. A) Yes, in the Prado Museum in Madrid, among other works, you can see the Holy Family of the LambFall on the way to Calvary either The Cardinal.
The Louvre Museum in Paris exhibits the beautiful gardener. At the National Gallery in London you can admire the Virgin of the carnations. The painting is shown in the Brera Pinacoteca in Milan. The Marriage of the Virgin. Y at the Pitti Palace in Florence you will see the Madonna del Granduca.