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The 3 pyramids of Giza: history and legends

Few places are as immediately identifiable as the pyramids of Giza. Constructions with millennia of history and that, however, remain the most splendid legacy of the Ancient Egypt of the pharaohs. An exciting visit for lovers of art, architecture and also of mysteries, since surrounding them there is an infinity of history and also legends.

The Pyramids of Gizaone of the Seven Wonders of the World

Recently they have been named the Seven Wonders of the Modern World, but the pyramids of Giza were part of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. In fact, they are the only one of these mythical monuments that have survived to this day.

And really, in their geometric simplicity they are of enormous beauty. In addition to having incredible dimensions, which has meant that it is not known for sure how they could have been built 4,500 years ago.

Where are the pyramids of Giza and what are they like

As its name indicates, these constructions are found in the area of ​​Giza or Gizeh. Although in practice, this place, already at the entrance to the desert, is currently almost linked to the city of Cairo, one of the largest metropolises in the world.

Thus, It is not complicated to do the excursions from the usual hotels in the capital that accommodate travelers going to Egypt.

“There are no strange lands. The one who travels is the only stranger.”

-Robert Louis Stevenson-

The largest of the Egyptian pyramids

The classic picture of the pyramids of Giza is the one that shows its three main pyramids. They are that of Cheops, that of Khafre and that of Mikerinos. The oldest and highest of all is that of Pharaoh Cheopswho had his pyramid raised to a height of 146 meters.

More data can be given, such as that there are 2 million stones, and usually weigh about 2 tons. But the big question is how it was built, and no one can say for sure.

Much has been speculated, but no theory is completely satisfactory to explain how this monument was erected in the middle of the desert and with the instruments and science of the time. For this reason, the most absurd theories have emerged. But what is known is that Cheops himself was admired by it, although it took 20 years to build.

Khafre’s pyramid

Cheops’s successor was Khafre and he also had another magnificent pyramid built, although it did not reach the height of the previous one. Nevertheless, has better preserved its external adornment. Yes, because you must imagine that the huge pyramids of Giza did not look like today, but were covered with fine limestone, which gave them an even more majestic and elegant appearance.

Mikerinos and his tomb

The third of the famous pyramids of Giza is that of Pharaoh Mikerinos, son and grandson of the previous ones. This was already less ambitious when planning his grave, and its pyramid “only” reaches 70 meters in height. However, archaeologists have been able to study inside the lavish funerary complex, in which the pharaoh would be buried.

More attractions in the pyramids of Giza

These three pyramids are the most famous, largest and most beautiful, but in Giza there are other smaller ones., which belonged to other relatives of the pharaohs of that IV dynasty of more or less the XXVI century before Christ. Everything is a lavish funeral ensemble.

But there is another element capable of attracting the eyes of the tourists who come here every day: the Great Sphinx. In Egyptian art museums, such as the one in Cairo, there are abundant sculptures of sphinxes. In other words, beings with the bodies of a lion and the head of a human. But none is as spectacular as the one next to the pyramids of Giza.

A great sculpture about 20 meters high that was contemporary to the pyramids. In fact, she possibly ordered it to be built by Khafre to be the guardian of the sacred precinct, and it is even said that this pharaoh had himself painted to give the figure a face.

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