The Cuevas del Canelobre are one of the most popular caves in all of Spain, for its strange geological formations that give it beautiful colors and also for its history. Do you want to join us to meet them?
In the region of Busot, province of Alicante, is the Sierra del Cabezón de Oro. This is a mountain range that houses in its interior some of the most interesting caves in Spain from a geological point of view, about which we will tell you more next.
The Canelobre Caves
These are natural caves that they have been molded by the natural action of water on the stone. However, in them we also see the influence of the human being, who has left several vestiges and created one of the most incredible and visited tourist places in this Spanish region.
Its discovery, carried out by the Arabs, took place around the year 740 AD However, was rediscovered during the Spanish civil war, moment to which we owe a large part of its current paths. And it is that these Cuevas del Canelobre were used by the Republican side of Alicante, as an aircraft workshop and powder keg factory.
It was at this time that the tunnel that leads to the cave used today was excavated.. Today, their war activity is still visible in various parts of the site.
Its geological value
This cave is of great value to speleologists, since contains materials about 145 million years old. However, the cave itself is the product of the last seven million years of erosive action of the water on the rocks.
In it you can see large stalagmites, stalactites and columns, as well as figures reminiscent of chandeliers and jellyfish, to which some locations owe their names.
The set of caves has a dimension of 80,000 square meters, although its visitable part is only 160 meters. The route that is made is circular and can only be visited in summer, due to the fact that in winter there are large floods inside the cave.
The most outstanding places that you can see inside it are La Bóveda and La Sagrada Familia. The first of them is about 70 meters high and is considered the tallest; as such, it is the highest cave in all of Spain.
For its part, the set of geological formations called La Sagrada Familia is the place within the Cuevas del Canelobre where you can contemplate a true wonder of nature: a stalagmite 25 meters high and about 100,000 years old. In addition, there are many more rooms that have all kinds of rocky landscapes and huge free falls.
The transformation of the Cuevas del Canelobre during the civil war
As we have already mentioned, although it is the Arabs who seem to have begun to use these caves, it was during the Spanish civil war when they were given greater use. In fact, the great traces of the action of the human being that we find inside date back to this time.
Specifically, what will first catch our attention is the access tunnel created during this time. Is about an access about 45 meters long in which you can see the information of everything that is contemplated throughout the visit.
The entire cave is full of paths, stairs and railings that give access from one room to another and mark the route through the incredible rock formations. All so that the group of Republicans who occupied them could visit them without fear of getting lost..
The visit to the caves
Currently, there are a number of guided tours that will take you through the caves showing you all their geological aspects and telling you about the interesting role they played during the civil war. In addition, the lighting system they have allows the visitor to enjoy the beautiful colors of these caves.
Polychrome flashes that can be seen in the stalagmites and stalactites. Also, the extraordinary acoustics of the place are used to perform musical presentations that are part of the program of the nearby Museum of Ethnic Music of Busot.