1. Eiffel Tower: symbol of the City of Light
The Eiffel Tower is a fabulous iron structure. It was designed by the engineers Maurice Koechlin and Émile Nouguier, given its final appearance by the architect Stephen Sauvestre and built by the French engineer Alexandre Gustave Eiffel and his collaborators for the Universal Exhibition of 1889 in Paris.
It is located on the Champ de Mars, on the banks of the Seine River, and has become the symbol of France. The tower is 325 meters high divided into 3 levels. Although it has an elevator, there is also the possibility for visitors to climb the 1600 steps.
If, on the other hand, you prefer the views from the mainland, you can see this imposing monument along the Champ de Mars, between fountains and gardens. and also from many other points in the City of Light.
2. Notre Dame Cathedral
The Cathedral of Our Lady is located on the small Ile de la Cité. Surrounded by the waters of the Seine River, it is one of the most popular monuments in the French capital. It is a magnificent gothic style temple built between the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Its 69-meter-high towers and the impressive rose window on the façade stand out.
It’s the scene of the play Our Lady of parisof the writer Victor Hugo. The play was adapted for children with the Disney movie The Hunchback of Notre Dame. By the way, you can almost feel it by your side if you climb the towers and see the imposing bells, the roofs of the building and its famous gargoyles up close.
3. The Elysian Fields
The Elysian Fields It is the main avenue of the City of Light. It measures 1,910 meters in length and goes from the Arc de Triomphe to the Place de la Concorde. Its name comes from Greek mythology and is equivalent to paradise. Today, here are some of the best confectioneries, restaurants and hotels in the capital.
This avenue has witnessed some of the most important events in the history of France. For example, the parade of French and American tanks and main battle tanks after the Nazi liberation, on August 26, 1944.
4. The Garnier opera
The Opera Garnier is one of the most characteristic buildings of the IX District of Paris and the urban landscape of the French capital. This empire-style building is a place of pilgrimage for any lover of music and theater.
A building built in the second half of the 19th century It is spectacular inside and out. With 11,000 m², it has a capacity of approximately 2,200 spectators and a large stage for 450 artists.
5. The Louvre Museum
The Louvre Museum is the national museum of France, devoted to pre-impressionist art It is one of the most important in the world and exhibits masterpieces such as the Mona Lisa, of Leonardo da Vinci, or Freedom guiding the people, of Delacroix.
It has an extensive collection thanks to the historical effort of the French monarchy of collecting. The museum keeps more than 300,000 pieces, but only a tenth of them are on display. Even so, it is advisable to select before visiting it which sections are the most interesting, because it takes many hours to go through it.
6. The cemeteries of Paris
At the beginning of the 19th century in Paris, the most important cemeteries of the city were built: Père-Lachaise in the east, Passy in the west, Montparnasse in the south and Montmartre in the north. Today they are tourist attractions for their historic tombs and the prominent figures from all walks of life who rest in them.
The Père-Lachaise cemetery is the oldest of the four important and the most illustrious of the cemeteries of Paris. Famous people buried here include Molière, Marcel Proust, Oscar Wilde, Apollinaire and Honoré de Balzac.
Passy Cemetery was the cemetery of the aristocracy since its inauguration in 1820. Figures of the stature of Édouard Manet, Claude Debussy, Gabriel Fauré and Jacques Ibert are buried here.
For its part, the Montparnasse cemetery houses some 35,000 tombs, including those of Julio Cortázar, Marguerite Duras, Charles Baudelaire, or Carlos Fuentes. Y in Montmartre lie the remains of Émile Zola, Ernest Renan, Stendhal, Alexander Dumas.
“Paris responds to everything the heart desires. You can have fun, get bored, laugh, cry or do whatever you want without attracting attention, since thousands of people do the same… and each one as they want.”
If you still have doubts about visiting Paris, the City of Light, remember that there are also places in the surroundings as beautiful as Versailles waiting for you to visit them.