Europe

The Moscow Kremlin, a magical story

The Moscow Kremlin is the real heart of the Russian capital. And it is also one of its biggest tourist attractions. All travelers who come to the city come to this magnificent site to enjoy and admire the many monuments found there. Let’s get to know him better, are you coming?

What is the Kremlin from Moscow?

Kremlin–Triff

The Kremlin is the political and religious center of the capital. A set of majestic constructions surrounded by a wall. It is not the only one in Russia, many cities have their own, there are up to 30 in the country, although the one in Moscow is the best known and most important.

The Moscow Kremlin faces the Moskva River, right between Red Square and Alexander Garden. Its buildings, including several palaces and cathedrals, are truly spectacular. And it is that both its architecture and its history make this space a unique and fascinating place.

History of the Moscow Kremlin

Kremlin–Aleoks

In ancient times, during the 11th and 12th centuries, Moscow was a small city with a Slavic population. It was at that time that a wall was built and a moat was dug to protect the population. At that time, Moscow was a third of the current Kremlin.

Little by little the population grew. So yeah in the 14th century a new, more robust wall and a fortress were built, in addition to several temples. It is then that the Kremlin becomes the place of residence of the royal family of Moscow.

Between the 15th and 17th centuries, the enclosure underwent important extensions and modifications.. More than two kilometers of wall with 19 towers and the cathedrals of the Assumption, the Annunciation and the Archangel Michael are built.

Already in the 19th century the Grand Kremlin Palace was built. And, finally, in the 20th century the site underwent a major restoration, although in the communist era it was closed to the public for years. Besides, Since 1990 it has been part of the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.along with the Red Square.

What to see in the Kremlin

There are many monuments that we must visit inside the Moscow Kremlin. Churches, cathedrals, palaces… A set of magnificent buildings where we can breathe the true charm of the city. Its history and its architecture fascinate every traveler. These are the essentials that you should not miss.

Religious buildings

Annunciation Cathedral by Nickolay Vinokurov

The Plaza de las Catedrales is the heart of the enclosure. In it you can admire the Cathedral of the Dormition, built in the 15th century and the place of coronation of the tsars of Russia. Its fabulous façade stands out, crowned by five golden domes.

Besides her, here you can see the Cathedral of the Annunciation, also crowned by several golden domes. And nearby, the Cathedral of the Archangel Michael, built in the 16th century and in which several monarchs are buried.

Other constructions

kremlin by Sergey Fomenko

First, it is necessary to emphasize the bell tower of Ivan the Great. Completed in 1600, it is 81 meters high and was for centuries the tallest structure in Moscow. Taller buildings could not be built. Its 21 bells served to warn of the arrival of enemy troops.

Another interesting building is the Palacio de las Facetas, the oldest civil building in the enclosure and that keeps the Russian imperial thrones. And, next to it, the Terens Palace, the first home of the Russian imperial family.

Other buildings should be mentioned, including the Poteshny Palacethe State Palace, the Senate Palace, the Great Palace or the Arsenal.

 

To get to know the Moscow Kremlin takes a long time, it is difficult to see it in a single day. There are many monuments to visit, it should be taken into account when planning the visit.

How to access the Kremlin

Presidential Palace – DM-Studio

There are different ways to access the Moscow Kremlin. You can compare tickets at the box office or online:

  • On-line: http://tickets.kreml.ru/en/
  • The Kremlin ticket offices are open from 9:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. In summer period from 9:00 to 17:00. They are located in the Alexander Gardens.

You should know that children under 16 have free entry to the Kremlin. On the other hand, It is very important to keep in mind that it is closed on Thursdays.

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