The Red Square in Moscow, a mythical space

The Russian capital is one of the most famous cities in the world and also one of the most sought after by tourists and Russians from other parts of the country. The Red Square in Moscow is the most characteristic of the city, and for this reason we have believed that it deserves to know it thoroughly. You dare?

history of the Red square of moscu

Moscow’s Red Square is 330 meters long and 70 meters wide. A magnificent space that in 1990 was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

It is located in the most famous commercial district of the city, Kitay-gorod, and all the main streets of the city branch off from it. Thus it is considered the center of Moscow and the most important place from which to go anywhere.

Red Square – Christophe Meneboeuf/

Formerly, in its place was an emplacement of wooden buildings. Ivan III of Russia ordered them to be demolished due to his fear that they might burn and destroy the city. In its place, what we know today as Moscow’s Red Square began to be created.

To what does it owe its name? Many believe that the color of its bricks, others think that it is a symbolism of the representation of this color in communism. Nothing is further from reality. Its name comes from a Russian word: Krásnaya, which today means red.but when the square was created it meant pretty.

What is interesting about Red Square in Moscow?

This square is not only famous for being in the center of the city, but also because it separates the Kremlin from the historical district of Moscow. But also, It has several famous monuments that deserve to be seen. Let’s meet some.

1. Gallows

Gallows – Spolster /

The gallows was the place used to announce the acts of the State, a declaration of war, announcements of decrees on executions and other important acts. Many believe that executions were carried out on the scaffold, but these were carried out on free-standing wooden platforms that were also found in Red Square.

It was raised during the reconstruction of Moscow, although it was closed at the top. Later it was made of stone and brick and around 1800, MFKazakova lined it with rough white stone, the way it looks today.

2. Monument to Minin and Pozharsky

Monument to Minin and Pozharsky – ProtoplasmaKid /

This monument is a bronze statue that stands in front of the famous Saint Basil’s Cathedral. It is a tribute to Minin and Pozharski, two Russian heroes. They were able to gather an army of volunteers that managed to drive out the army of the Republic of the Two Nations. Quite an achievement that deserved to be rewarded.

Alexander I of Russia was the one who decided that the monument would rise in the most famous square of the city: the Red Square. A monument that was inaugurated in 1818, just over two centuries after the deed of the two heroes

3. Lenin’s Mausoleum

Lenin’s Mausoleum – CaritasUbi/

Lenin was the great communist revolutionary who turned the Russian philosophy of life on its head. That is why his mausoleum is exposed in the square. Although small in size, it has characteristics similar to mausoleums like the pyramids of Egypt or the mausoleum of Cyrus the Persian.

These are some of the essential places to see in the Red Square in Moscow. However, there is more. For example, figures from the USSR are buried on the wall that separates the square from the Kremlin and some other celebrities.


“Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed in the things you didn’t do than the ones you did do. So undo your moorings and sail away from known ports. Take advantage of the trade winds in your sails. Explore. It sounds. Discover.”

-Mark Twain-

It seems that Moscow does not want to give up its history, perhaps that is why it is special and its Red Square one of the most beautiful places in the world. Are you going to miss it?

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