Europe

The Roman city of Baelo Claudia: a treasure in the south

To the south of the south it is possible to walk through a very special place: the beautiful and unknown Roman city of BaeloClaudia. Located next to a beach of fine golden sand, Baelo is a true luxury in every way. Where is it located? In the province of Cádiz, more specifically, in the cove of Bolonia de Tarifa.

When the visitor leaves the national 340 aside, he accesses a small provincial road marked by two mountains, San Bartolomé on the left and La Plata on the right. Slowly, As you go down that road, you see the immensity of the sea on the horizon. A sea of ​​rough waters sometimes by the wind, or crystal clear and calm waters when the wind is calm.

The Roman city of Baelo Claudia, a world to discover

The traveler enters Baelo Claudia through a modern interpretation center. Inside it, what is exposed in the showcases and on the panels helps us to understand the city just by looking up and looking through the large windows.

When you enter the city itself, you have the feeling of traveling to another time, to another place in our own history. We can perceive the footprints left by the men, women and children who lived here. They walked, enjoyed and played in those streets and in those buildings whose remains we can still see today.

1. Roman and Egyptian temples

In an area located higher than the forum or square of the Roman city, the traveler is going to contemplate the typical temples of the Romans: the temples of the Capitoline Triad (Juno, Jupiter and Minerva).

Next to them, a symbol of religious syncretism, we can see the temple of the goddess Isis. This Egyptian goddess was adopted by the Romans as a mother goddess and goddess of magic. And magic is what surrounds this place.

2. The fun of yesterday and today: theater and bathing areas and hot springs

When the visitor continues walking, he meets a small theater very well preserved. Today it is used mainly in summer. Representations are made there while the sun’s rays fall through the horizon of the sea, located in front of the stands. It is an amazing sight to enjoy a classic play while the sun sets on the horizon.

The visitor follows his route along one side of the city until he finds one of the favorite places of the Roman patricians: the area of ​​the baths. This provided the wealthy Romans with a place of recreation and, above all, an area of ​​commercial transactions. There business was the main topic of conversation.

3. The division of a Roman city of Baelo Claudia

Roman cities are built around two main streets, the Decumanus Maximuswhich runs from east to west, and the Thistle Maximuswhich runs from north to south. When the traveler enters the Decumanus Maximus of Claudia Baelo feel like you travel back in time walking down a street where you can see different remains:

  • The little shops (tabernae) that more than 2000 years ago would be full of life, selling specific products, wines, oil, fabrics…
  • The market (macellum), where to buy general food products.
  • The forum (forum) or public square, where the majority of the people met.
  • The basilica is perhaps one of the most striking parts. It is amazing to see the size of the majestic columns that guard the replica of the statue of Emperor Trajan. As an anecdote that not many know, they say that he is the only emperor in history who has traveled by helicopter because that is how the original statue was transported from here to the Museum of Cádiz.

4. The origin of current salted fish

Finishing the walk through the city of Baelo Claudia, At the edge of the beach itself, we find a salting factory. These saltings were vital for the Roman economy, they served to take advantage of and preserve the tuna caught in the traps during the months of April and May, just as it happens today.

The pools that we find in Baelo were used to bury not only tuna, but also other fish, under large layers of salt. This was a unique preservative also used to make the garum that famous sauce transported throughout the Roman Empire in large clay vessels, called amphorae.

Bologna: its gastronomy and its beach

The days in Bologna continue when leaving the archaeological site with the tasting of all kinds of fishseafood stews and dishes whose main ingredient is tuna brought from the Almadraba Tuna Route in Andalusia.

And no one can leave this corner of the province of Cádiz without spending the afternoon on the spectacular beach of Bolonia. There you can enjoy the golden sand and the cold and crystal clear water until the sun sets and I gave you the end of a day full of culture, past, gastronomy and relaxation, the latter offered by the sound of the waves of the sea.

This day in the Roman city of Baelo Claudia will leave both body and soul pleased with this beautiful place located south of the south.

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