Europe

The Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna, knows its history

Schönbrunn Palace is one of the essential places in Vienna. This palace, known as the Viennese Versailles, will make you discover the history of a really interesting country. Declared a World Heritage Site in 1996, this beautiful building, the star of postcards and movies, will leave you breathless.

Learn more about the history of Schönbrunn Palace

It is true that there are numerous monuments in Vienna that we must visit, and which are also more central than Schönbrunn Palace. This is the case of the Hofburg Imperial Palace, the Art History Museum or the cathedral.

However, getting away from the city center to tour the gardens and interior of Schönbrunn will certainly be worth it. The charm of this palace is unmatched.

From the Middle Ages to the present

palace gardens

The history of Schönbrunn Palace dates back to the Middle Ages. At the beginning of the 14th century, there was a building called the Katterburg on this spot. A construction that was part of the Klosterneuburg monastery.

In its beginnings, the land was occupied by a house, a stable, a mill and some gardens. Famous personalities were tenants of this place and little by little they were modifying the aesthetics of the constructions.

mid 16th century Maximilian II orders a hunting lodge to be built here. He would be devastated a century and a half later, during a siege of the city. At the end of the 17th century, the construction of a new palace began, which would later be enlarged.

 

Thus, Schönbrunn Palace would end up being the summer residence of the Austrian sovereigns for two centuries, from the time of Maria Teresa of Austria until the end of the monarchy in 1918.

What is Schönbrunn Palace like?

palace gazebo

Along with places like Versailles, Schönbrunn Palace It is considered one of the most impressive and most beautiful baroque constructions in Europe.. For this reason, it is an essential visit in the Austrian capital.

The wife of Ferdinand II, Leonor Gonzaga, was the one who baptized this place as “Shönbrunn”, which means “beautiful fountain”. The reason is that the gardens of the enclosure were decorated with fountains and precious statues.

As far as the palace is concerned, it was another woman who would have an indisputable role. We have already mentioned it. Maria Teresa of Austria would be the one who ordered a reform and expansion of the construction to turn it into a majestic space.

This is how magnificent rooms were built, such as the Great Gallery, one of the places in the palace where we can contemplate the true splendor of Rococo in Vienna. Today 40 of the 200 rooms are open to the public of the monument. Visiting them allows us to get closer to the life of the Habsburg dynasty.

The importance of your rooms

Dining Room – CasteFoto / Flickr.com

Each of the rooms in this beautiful palace keeps a piece of its history. In the Hall of Mirrors, artists such as Mozart performed musical pieces. And in the Chinese Oval Cabinet, Maria Teresa organized secret conferences.

On the other hand, there is the Blue Chinese Room, where the end of the monarchy was signed. Meanwhile, the Million Room, decorated with objects brought from India and Persia, is considered one of the most beautiful rococo rooms. And also the Salon “Vieux-Lacque” has a great importance, because Napoleon gave a conference in it.

the palace gardens

Palm House

In addition to impressive statues, fountains, monuments, flowers and trees, Schönbrunn Palace has an incredible gazebo. And here you can also visit the Museum of Imperial Carriages and a zoo.

On the other hand, some of the most admired corners of the property are the Crown Prince’s garden, the labyrinth, the Palm House, the Desert House and the Oraniengarten garden. The gardens can be visited for free.

Besides, the Museum of Imperial Carriages traces the life of Sissi. We can contemplate an exhibition of memories from his wedding to his tragic death. Among the most recognized objects are the carriage used in his coronation in Budapest and the horse-drawn carriage used in Geneva before his assassination.

But besides them, the museum exhibits many other historic vehicles of great beauty and value. Up to 170 carriages, chairs and sledges can be seen in its rooms.

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