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The Serranos towers: learn about their history

The Serranos towers or Puertas de Serranos are one of the emblems of the city of Valencia. They constitute an architectural vestige of the importance of the city in medieval times which can still be visited today.

To cross these doors is to enter one of the most important cities of the peninsula. At the same time, it allows us to contemplate the robustness and elegance of one of the entrance doors to Valencia. Shall we tell you more about its history?

The history of its construction

The colossal Torres de Serranos are robust towers that make up one of the gateways to the medieval city of Valencia, specifically in its northern area. Its name arises as a result of the people who used it the most: travelers and inhabitants who came from the Los Serranos region.

Its construction was carried out very close to the bridge of the same name, of which the beginning of its construction is not specifically known. They began to be built in 1392, when the city’s jurists commissioned them from the architect Pere Balaguer as a powerful symbol of the economic, political, and social development of the city of Valencia.

 

In 1398 the works were completed and they became the main entrance to this city, which in medieval times was completely walled.

Of this wall, two important vestiges have mainly remained: these gates and the Torres de Quart. Both entrances to the city were connected by means of a walled belt that protected Valencia. While in the Torres de Quart there are signs of attack and siege, in those of Serrano there are no traces of it.

Function of the Torres de Serranos in medieval times

These towers, in addition to becoming the main entrance to the medieval city of Valencia, began to acquire other uses and functions. Well, although its construction was designed for defense in the event of a siege, their imposing architecture made them a symbol of the power of the city.

Also, they became the place where the city council received illustrious characters, among them, to all the kings of Spain. King Juan Carlos I was the last monarch to make the traditional passage through the Towers towards the Cathedral of Valencia.

A checkpoint and collection of taxes on merchandise was also established there. that merchants and farmers brought to market in the city. Their importance did not decline either during the 16th to the 19th centuries, when they were used as a prison; this was a reason for protest by the citizens.

In 1888, they were finally stopped being used as a prison; during the Spanish Civil War, they served as a refuge for the works evacuated from the Prado Museum. When the 20th century arrived, they were recognized for their historical-artistic value and became part of the country’s list of Assets of Cultural Interest.

In addition, today they continue to be one of the most important spaces in the city, since in front of them the older fallera makes the announcement of the start of the Fallas de Valencia.

How to visit the Torres de Serrano in Valencia

The Torres de Serranos are located in the Historic Center of the city of Valencia, on the edge of the medieval city with the old Turia riverbed, now converted into an urban park. Getting to them is very easy. can be accessed by taking a walk or by public transportboth by bus and by metro.

Its structure is made up of two towers with a polygonal plan on the outside, while they are flat on the inside. Its battlements and machicolations and the central decoration on the entrance arch stand out..

Towards the outside it is solid and compact, while towards the inside it has three floors and several open rooms covered by pointed ribbed vaults. Due to these characteristics, they are a clear example of Gothic defensive architecture.

They are open to the public and admission is very affordable.. In addition, on Sundays and holidays they can be visited for free. As we explained before, getting to know them will give you a broader vision of what medieval Valencia was like and of the line of the wall that was preserved until the 19th century.

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