Tiananmen Square: the heart of Beijing

We visit one of the most impressive places in the world: Tiananmen Square. It is the largest and most important square in China. Its origin dates back to the 20th century and tells an important story of the country’s past. Why is this place so important? We tell you!

Tiananmen Square, a symbol of China

Located in the heart of Beijing, Tiananmen Square, also known as the Gate of Heavenly Peace Square. It has colossal dimensions: It measures no less than 880 meters long by 500 meters wide.

This is the largest square not only in China, but also in the whole world.

The square was built in 1949, after the proclamation of the People’s Republic of China. It was part of an urban remodeling plan for Beijing. It is located right in the political and geographical center of the city, on the Loess Plateau.

However, this place was already relevant before the construction of the great square. In fact, during the Ming and Qing dynasties it was the scene of the proclamation of the new Chinese emperors and was updated as time passed.

With the remodeling of the square it was intended to manifest the greatness of the new China. But they also wanted to create a large space in which to carry out acts of political propaganda similar to those that were carried out in Red Square in Moscow during the Soviet period. In fact, the construction style is similar to the Soviet one.

Throughout the 20th century, important historical events have taken place in the square. Among them, the Movement of May 4, 1919, popular demonstrations in tribute to leaders such as Zhou Enlai or Mao Zedong, military parades, etc.

However, currently It is popularly known for having been the scene of the 1989 protests. Some protests that ended with the death of hundreds of demonstrators and the declaration of martial law in Beijing.

What you can’t miss in Tiananmen Square

Tiananmen Square

Numerous monuments stand out in the immensity of Tiananmen Square that fill the pages of China’s history books. These are the most important ones that you cannot miss:

Gate of Heavenly Peace

It is one of the entrances to Tiananmen Square, located in the northern part. It was here that Mao Zedong claimed the People’s Republic of China in 1949.. In addition, from that door you will arrive at the Forbidden City, another of the most important monuments in the country’s history.

Its current version was built a year after Mao’s declaration, as it was necessary to demolish some buildings to expand the size of the square. With the leader’s statement, the doors were adorned with communist symbolshence the importance of this entry.

Mausoleum of Mao

Mausoleum of Mao
Mausoleum of Mao

Of course, in Tiananmen Square lie the remains of the former communist leader and founder of the People’s Republic of China, Mao Zedong. They are located in a building located in the central area of ​​the squarenext to the monument to the Heroes of the People.

Construction began shortly after his death, in 1976, and the following year it was finished. About 700,000 people were involved in its construction. Inside, in a glass coffin, lie the remains of the former leader visible to the public.

To enter you have to leave your backpacks and cameras in the locker. Undoubtedly, this is one of the most important sites in the square for the role Mao played for the country during the 20th century.

Monument to the Heroes of the People

Beijing Tiananmen Square
Beijing Tiananmen Square

It is another of the great attractions of the Chinese square. It is a stone obelisk 38 meters high located in the center of the square. It was built by order of Chairman Mao in honor of those who fought during the revolution of 1919 and 1920.

At the moment, the square is completely guarded by the Chinese police, although its access is possible through the police controls that are at the ends. A form of protection of this important stage of Chinese history. You will be surprised by its dimensions and everything you can learn about the country there.

Updates: 09.06.2022

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