The monumental city of Baeza is one of the jewels of the province of Jaén. For now, we are going to mention some of the awards he has so you can get an idea of how spectacular he is. It is a National Historic-Artistic Site. It is an Exemplary City of the Renaissance for the European Union. And it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Don’t you want to meet her?
What to see in the monumental city of Baeza
From now on, we want to warn you that here We are only going to make a selection with the best of the best that you can see in the monumental city of Baeza.
And it is that this town, of a relatively small size, treasures an enviable amount of historical and artistic heritage, which many large cities do not come close to in quantity or quality.
Cathedral of Baeza
Although the Baez cathedral has its origins in the Middle Ages, before that there was a Roman temple on this same site and then a Muslim mosque. But the truth is we are talking about one of the most beautiful and complete Renaissance buildings in all of Spain.
And if the construction is unique, what it keeps inside is not far behind. There are altarpieces, images, railings, reliefspaintings and endless works of art that deserve a long visit, much better guided to discover all its secrets.
Old University of Baeza
The monumental city of Baeza had its cathedral, and also its university, founded in the 16th century. Today he no longer has that educational rank, and the building has been transformed into the high school.
An educational center that named after the most illustrious professor of the old university: Antonio Machado. Undoubtedly, an excellent name for this beautiful building from the end of the Renaissance and the beginning of Mannerist art.
San Felipe Neri Seminary
There is yet another outstanding educational building in the monumental city of Baeza. It is the San Felipe Neri Seminary. It is located in front of the cathedral. Although it is true that today it is very transformed compared to its origins in the 17th century, it is worth discovering.
High Town Halls
Also next to the cathedral, in fact they are attached, are the High Town Halls. It was originally a private housebut between the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries it became a town hall.
The shields that adorn its facade refer to that time. They are the royal coats of arms of Juana la Loca and Felipe el Hermoso, as well as the imperial coat of arms of her son Carlos I.
But the monumental city of Baeza still has another later town hall. It was already built in plateresque style and it also has the royal coat of arms of the time, in this case of Philip II.
This building houses in its interior rooms as beautiful as its Plenary Hall. But it has also served as a prison and as a house of justice.
Palace of Jabalquinto
Let’s continue with more examples of civil architecture of the monumental city of Baeza. Another very outstanding is the Palace of Jabalquinto, in which its Elizabethan façade from the 15th century, its Renaissance courtyard and its Baroque staircase stand out. A magnificent example of the evolution of art.
But in the streets of Baez there are many other examples of large houses worth mentioning: Casa Acuña, de los Perea, de los Mendoza, Casa Cabrera…
Church of the Holy Cross
Precisely in front of the Palacio de Jabalquinto is one of the oldest buildings in Baeza: the church of Santa Cruz, in Romanesque style. It takes us back to the time of the reconquest of the city by Fernando III el Santo at the end of the 13th century.
But don’t think that all the churches are as old as this one in the monumental city of Baeza. Practically, there are temples of all agessuch as the church of El Salvador or the convent of Jesús de los Descalzos, not to mention those of San Pedro or Santa María del Alcázar.
Much more to see in Baeza
As we have advanced at the beginning, there is a lot to see in this jewel of the province of Jaén. We could talk at length about other great examples of its heritage such as the Old Butchers, the fountain of Santa Maríathe Old Hospital of San Antonio Abad, the Plaza del Populo or the Arco de Vilalar.
But above all, we want you to be encouraged to undertake this journey and let yourself fall in love with the monumental city of Baeza.