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Why is October 12 the National Holiday of Spain?

Why is October 12 the National Holiday of Spain? We explain to you since when this festival has been celebrated as such in our country and why on that date.

The October 12 ° is the day of Virgin of the Pillarpatron saint of the city of Zaragoza and also of the community of Aragon. However, on the calendar, October 12, whenever it falls, is marked in red not only for the Maños and Aragonese, who live their big festival, but for all Spaniards. It is also the National Day of Spain.

Perhaps you have ever wondered why Spain celebrates a national day and why the chosen date was October 12. No, it’s not because of the day we won the World Cup, no matter how much of a football fanatic we are. The answer to both questions come from the same place: from America, from the other side of the pond. We are going to tell you why, without entering into political or historical controversies.

For starters, Spain celebrates its national holiday since 1918, with different names such as Día de la Raza or Día de la Hispanidad, to the simple and successful current National Holiday of Spain. The idea, as we can see, did not arise long ago and, furthermore, it did so as a result to see how they did it in the countries of South Americacountries that throughout the 19th century had achieved their independence and that commemorated and celebrated as a national day either the date of independence or the start of the revolution, such as Mexico with its Grito de Dolores.

In the case of Spain, the chosen date was the same day on which Rodrigo de Trianaa couple of hours after midnight according to the diaries of Christopher Columbus, screamed earth from his post on La Pinta, and the navigator Columbus and his sailors set foot in America, without knowing then or much later that this was not the expected Indies. With the election of October 12, ties were extended to Latin America, or so it was intended, just as it had been done at the end of the 19th century commemorating the fourth centenary of that historical moment.

Those first festive October 12 were celebrated around simple institutional events, banquets and the occasional tribute to Columbus, without it being taken as a holiday in many places, or that it permeated much among the population. The more military character that the festival has today, with the famous parade of the different military bodies through Madrid, it has already arrived with the dictatorships, first that of Primo de Rivera and then Franco, who was the one who definitively decided that this day had to be a holiday throughout the national territory.

Spain is not the only country that celebrates its national day in the month of October. Germany, for example, celebrates its reunification on the 3rd, the day the Berlin Wall fell. Countries like Croatia, the Czech Republic, Uganda and Turkmenistan celebrate their independence in October, while Turkey It also commemorates every October 29 the date on which Ataturk declared the Republic.

Photo 1 | Flickr – Bobo Boom
Photo 2 | Flickr – Cristina Cifuentes

Spain Customs and traditions #holidays #nationalholidays

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